1997 USAMO Problems/Problem 5
Prove that, for all positive real numbers
1. Because the inequality is homogenous, scale by an arbitrary factor such that .
2. Replace all with 1. Then, multiply both sides by to clear the denominators.
3. Expand each product of trinomials.
4. Cancel like mad.
5. You are left with . Homogenize the inequality by multiplying each term of the LHS by . Because majorizes , this inequality holds true by bunching. (Alternatively, one sees the required AM-GM is . Sum similar expressions to obtain the desired result.)
Solution 3 (Isolated fudging)
Because the inequality is homogenous (i.e. can be replaced with without changing the inequality other than by a factor of for some ), without loss of generality, let .
Lemma: Proof: Rearranging gives , which is a simple consequence of and
Thus, by :
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