Consider a polynomial of degree ,
Let have roots . Define the following sums:
Newton sums tell us that,
(Define for .)
We also can write:
etc., where denotes the -th elementary symmetric sum.
For a more concrete example, consider the polynomial . Let the roots of be and . Find and .
Newton Sums tell us that:
Solving, first for , and then for the other variables, yields,
Which gives us our desired solutions, and .